Types of Roofing

A roof is the main barrier between a building and the weather. Today, homeowners have a wide selection of options for protecting their homes.

A residential roofing system has five components: roof decking (also known as sheathing), underlayment, roof flashings, ventilation products, and shingles. Click the Denver Roofing Companies to learn more.

Wood is one of the oldest roofing materials, and it remains a popular choice for some upscale homes where a rustic style is desired. While cedar is the most commonly used type of wood for roofing, there are many other options, including pine and cypress. Cedar is a great choice for roofing in atmospheres that experience blistering summers and harsh winters, as it is an excellent insulator and keeps moisture from seeping into the home. It can withstand a wide range of climate conditions and is naturally resistant to mold and fungus.

Wood shakes and shingles can have a more rustic look than other roofing materials because they are hand-split. They offer a distinct appearance that distinguishes homes from the surrounding neighborhoods. They are a great option for homeowners who don’t mind a faded look, as they will become more endearing with time. They are also an eco-friendly roofing choice, as long as the wood is harvested ethically and is treated with fire-retardant chemicals.

While they look appealing, wood shakes are more vulnerable to damage than other roofing materials. When wet, they can swell and rot, warp, and crack. They can also harbor mold and fungus and tend to discolor over time.

Other roofing material choices may be more suited to your climate as they don’t require the same level of maintenance. However, if you are still looking for a more rustic appearance, there are alternatives that offer a similar appearance to wood shakes. These include cypress and yellow pine, which are also a budget-friendly choice and can be upgraded with fire retardant treatments.

If you are interested in a wooden roof, be sure to discuss the best choice with a professional roofing contractor. They can help you choose a roof that will best suit your needs and budget. They can also give you a quote for the project and will provide you with a list of required materials. They will also help you select the appropriate type of wood for your roof, as different types of wood will be better suited to different weather conditions.


Metal roofs are popular for commercial and industrial buildings, but they are gaining popularity as a roofing option for homes as well. This type of roofing starts out as a coil or sheet of metal and can be formed into different shapes, sizes, and lengths to fit the needs of each individual building. This versatility, along with the durability and variety of colors available, make this a great choice for homeowners who want a more modern look than traditional asphalt shingles.

PRO: This is a fire resistant material and will withstand high winds and large hail better than asphalt shingles. It is also durable and will last for years with very little maintenance needed. Additionally, it reflects the sun’s rays and helps keep your house cooler, which can help lower your energy costs. CON: Like any other roofing material, it can rust, especially in wet climates or if not properly maintained. It can also be expensive to install and maintain a metal roof.

Another drawback to this roofing is that it can be noisy in rain or hail storms. Also, some people are concerned about the weight of a metal roof and how much it will affect the structure of their home.

This is a common roofing material used for barns and agricultural structures, but it is becoming more common on residential homes because of its durability and versatility. It is typically installed using exposed fastener panels, which are overlapping and attached to the roof deck or framing through the face of the panel with either sealant or exposed fasteners. These exposed fasteners can be unsightly, but they are often painted the same color as the roofing panel to help conceal them.

Because of the way these panels are installed they must be allowed to expand and contract with the weather. This can cause gaps to form between the panels if they are not properly fastened or sealed, which can lead to leaks and water damage in the structure of your home.

The cost of a metal roof is high, but it can provide a long-term benefit for the homeowner. While a metal roof may not be ideal for every homeowner, it is a great alternative to an asphalt shingle roof and is very energy efficient.


Roofing is an important part of a building’s overall protection. There are many different roofing options available, each with its own pros and cons. However, asphalt shingles remain one of the most popular and enduring choices for residential roofs. The history of these shingles tells a story of long-term development and adaptation, responding to changing construction practices and environmental challenges.

The early American roofing industry began with a basic method of covering roofs with heavy paper covered with pine tar and sprinkled with sand to provide grip and texture. This system continued until around the 1800s when two Ohio businessmen, Samuel M. and Cyrus Warren, started using coal tar instead of pine tar for their roofing systems. Coal tar was cheaper, and the developing chemical industry improved its quality from a useless byproduct to something more useful for roofing systems. By the 1860s, the growth of the petroleum industry provided an even more abundant source of roofing asphalt, making it possible to replace pine tar with it.

Today, roofing asphalt is made of a blend of various ingredients. The most important one is oxidized asphalt, which is the main water-resistant component of the shingle. It is blown through hot air to increase its viscosity and improve its ability to resist weathering. In addition to oxidized asphalt, roofing asphalt may also contain a fine mineral powder that increases its durability.

These components are combined in a proprietary recipe that is carefully tested and calibrated to perform at the highest levels for shingle production. Once the mixture is ready to go, it is rolled onto the surface of a roof by a machine called a mop or broom. The mop or broom helps to distribute the asphalt and ensure it adheres properly to a roof deck. It also removes any excess materials, which can reduce the lifespan of the shingles.

The asphalt in roofing shingles is available in a wide variety of colors, which makes it possible for homeowners to preserve or enhance their home’s aesthetic while protecting the building’s structural integrity. It is also available in two types: regular (3-tab) shingles and dimensional shingles. Both types feature an array of color options, which means that every homeowner can find a shingle to suit their own personal taste and complement the look of their home’s exterior.


Pine is a softwood that is used for many building projects. It has the strength to be used for residential framing but is also cost-effective and easy to work with, making it a popular choice among builders and do-it-yourselfers. It is also a good option for porches, decks and flooring where high-traffic areas are expected. Pine is resistant against wear, meaning that it won’t need replacing as often as some other types of wood.

The softness of pine makes it less durable than oak, and it is therefore more prone to scratches and dents. It is also more susceptible to moisture, which can lead to the formation of moss and other fungi on your roof. This can also damage shingles and the structural integrity of your home.

As pine trees are evergreen, needles from pines can fall on your roof throughout the year, especially in bad weather. They tend to form large clumps, which are what people refer to when they talk about “pine straw.” These mats can be difficult to dislodge and can cause shingle damage as they break down. They also trap moisture and inhibit proper ventilation, which can encourage the growth of moss and mold. Additionally, the clumps of pine needles can block your gutters and cause them to clog.

Thankfully, there are ways to prevent pine needles from damaging your roofing. For one, you can install a gutter system that will prevent pine needles from entering your gutters. Another way is to use a water-resistant sealant on your roof, which will help to protect it from moisture and UV damage. It is important to remember, however, that these sealants do not last forever, and you will need to re-apply them regularly in order to keep your roof protected from the elements.

Another alternative to using pine shingles is to use a product such as cypress. Cypress is a resilient hardwood that is commonly found in the southeast and has a high resistance to moisture, which can be beneficial for your roof. It is also resistant to insect damage and rot, making it an excellent choice for your roof.